Nauru is a tiny island north-east of Australia. It is situated 42 kilometers south of the equator.
A coral reef surrounds the entire island which is dotted with pinnacles.
Population – approx. 10,000 including non-Nauruan population of approx. 1,000
The resumption of phosphate mining and exporting in 2005 gave Nauru’s economy a much needed boost. The secondary deposits of phosphate has an estimated remaining life of about 30 years.
Rich deposit of phosphate was discovered in 1900 and in 1907 the Pacific Phosphate Company shipped the first shipment of phosphate to Australia. To this day phosphate mining has remained Nauru’s main source of economic revenue.
The people of Nauru are comprised of 12 tribes, as symbolized by the 12-pointed star on the Nauru flag and are believed to be a mixture of Micronesian, Polynesian and Melanesian descent. Their native language is Nauruan but English is widely spoken as it is used for government and commercial purposes.
31st January – Independence Day (Return from Truk anniversary)
This national day is celebrated by the government, organizing games and choral competitions for the various government departments and instrumentalities. Also, there is a banquet held for the young at hearts.(mostly survivors of Truk)
17th May – Constitution Day
This day is celebrated by the whole island having a track and field competition between the 5 constituencies.
1st July – NPC/RONPhos Handover
Nauru Phosphate Corporation took over phosphate mining and shipping on Nauru after buying it from the British Phosphate Commission. Then RONPhos took over from N.P.C in 2008.
26th October – ANGAM Day
Angam means coming home. This national day commemorates the return of the Nauruan people from the brink of extinction. Each community usually organizes its own festivities as this day is usually celebrated with family and loved ones.